What to do When You Need a New Hot Water Tank

water-heaterWhen it’s time to replace the old hot water tank you have a few options. One of them being whether to keep the type you have or consider a different type of water heater. There two basic types now and you should make you decision based on your needs.

Traditional Hot Water Tanks

If you have less than five people living in your home and you find that you don’t use an excessive amount of Hot Water, consider a 150 liter (33 imperial gallon) tank with a 36,000 BTU per hour input rating (10.6 KW).

If you have five or more people living in your home, or you simply use a lot of H.W. because everyone showers at about the same time each day, etc., consider a 189 liter (42 imperial gallon) hot water tank with a 45,000 BTU input (13.2 KW).

Electric Hot Water Tanks

If you have less than four people living in your home, you’ll probably need a 175 liter (40 imperial gallon) tank with two 3-kilowatt heating elements.

If you have five or more people in your home or tend to use a lot of H.W., you may want to step up to a 270 liter (60 imperial gallon) tank with two 4.5-kilowatt elements.

Tips on Saving Energy

Insulate your piping with 12 millimeter (1/2 inch) fiberglass or foam insulation to reduce heat loss as the water is distributed throughout your home.

Insulate any piping that passes through unheated areas such as crawl spaces, attics and carports, etc.

Remember to flush your H.W. tanks every couple of years to prevent sediment build-up on the bottom of the tank and on the heating elements which can reduce the lifespan of your H.W. heater.

If You Want to Install it Yourself

Make sure you have all the proper tools and materials you need to properly install hot water tank Kelowna. Do the necessary research before attempting to install your hot water tank.

First you’re going to want to turn off the gas, power, and water supply to the tank. Then put on a hose on the bottom on the hot water tank to drain the left over water out of the tank. Now you will need to take off the inlet and outlet nipples off the water tank, you will need to use two pipe wrenches for this.

If it’s a gas water heater use your two pipe wrenches and disconnect the union, that is between the supply pipe and the inlet pipe or it might be a flared fitting. You can take the flue hat off too as well since the tank is not running.

Now that you tank is disconnected move it out of the way, and put your new one where the old one was. Make sure that you can get to all the dials a buttons properly when you put the tank back. A good rule of thumb is to use about 6 inches around. So this means make sure that there is nothing flammable within 6 inches of your tank. Make sure too that it sits level on the floor, you may have to make some shims.

Put Teflon tape on the inlet and outlet nipples and then put them into the new tank. Make sure that the blue goes into the cold and the red goes into the hot. Also be sure that all the arrow indicators are all pointing in the proper direction of flow.

Attach flexible hoses on the inlet and outlet water pipes. If you don’t see a supply shut off valve on the cold side, I would install one, just to cover yourself. After you are sure that everything is connected back properly, open the valve to fill the tank up, while this is happening i would open up a few hot water faucets just to get some of the air out.

Put back together the gas pipes just like they were before… you might need to change it a bit, but not too much. Make sure that you use Teflon tape and pipe dope on each fitting, then tighten them back together with your pipe wrenches. Grab your manufacturer instructions to connect the gas supply tubing. After the gas is on test all your joints, making sure that there are not leaking. You can use soapy water to help with this; it will just bubble for you. Then you may need to go back and crank on them again.

If all else fails and you decide to call a professional then you may want to consider a licensed Kelowna plumber. They will get the job done quickly and up to local code, which is actually quite important. If you don’t know the local installation codes then you could risk health problems from poor ventilation or something else equally important.